History of Arabica Beans
Coffee as a drink and ceremonial offering can be found in many cultures from Africa to South America. The Arabica became better known than the Robusta in that it was cultivated and processed in the Islamic world first in Egypt and later in the Ottoman Empire. The early coffee of the 15th century was reminiscent of today’s mocha or espresso from Robusta or Arabica. The beans were roasted over a fire, chopped, and then poured directly into water. While the Robusta grows well in valleys, the Arabica plant likes the height. The higher the plant grows, the less caffeine it contains. Robusta and Arabica protect themselves against insects with caffeine. Once cultivated on mountain slopes, the plant needs less caffeine due to less infestation. That made the coffee in the form of espresso and mocha more pleasant for everyday life than the Robusta. After all, it was enjoyed drinking all day long centuries ago, and high caffeine content was a nuisance.